What is Botox

It is just one brand of the Botulinum Toxin Type A that is produced by the bacteria clostridium botulinum. The bacteria are considered harmful and life threatening and can lead to muscle paralysis or weakness.

However Botox treatment is quite safe especially when used in small doses and injected directly to a specific area.

How Botox Works

Botox works by blocking the release of a chemical messenger (neurotransmitter) known as acetylcholine. This neurotransmitter found in the nerve cells usually transmits a nerve impulse to a muscle cell and causes it to contract. With the absence of acetylcholine the muscle cell is weakened leading to paralysis of the muscle. The Botox injection is restricted to the area under treatment simply because the effect is temporary and the nerve fibers have the capability of regenerating after a few months.

Use of Botox Injections

There are therapeutic and cosmetic uses


  • Muscle spasms in the face or other localized area(Hemifacial spasm)
  • Twitching of the eyelid (blepharospasm)
  • Muscle spasticity
  • Muscle spasms in the neck (cervical dystonia)


  • Vertical frown line (glabellar lines). These are found between eyebrows and are caused by the contraction of muscles when one frowns, squints or concentrates.
  • Crows feet (lines found at the corner of the eyes)
  • Horizontal lines at the forehead.

How Botox Injections Treat Wrinkles

Botox injections treat wrinkles on the face by weakening or causing paralysis of the muscles found on the face and pulling the skin. After about a week after the injections, the wrinkles and lines start disappearing. However this does not limit one from forming facial expressions.

The Lasting Period

After the injections and the disappearance of the wrinkles and lines, one can have an improved appearance for up to 4 months before having the treatment repeated. A number of patients who use the Botox injections end up developing antibodies that neutralize the effect of the injections resulting to ineffective treatment. This only happens when they repeatedly use the treatment.

How safe are Botox Injections?

When administered by medical professionals with a lot of experience in the treatment, the Botox injections are quite safe. There are some mild and temporary side effects are associated with the treatment. These include pain, bruising and tenderness associated with the Botox injection. It is common for most people to experience a slight headache right after the treatment is administered. Others also experience nausea and flu syndromes.
One of the significant side effects of the treatment is the risk of a drooping eye for a few days. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid this treatment. Just like other medical treatments there are benefits and side effects that come with this treatment. It is important that you talk to your doctor to get all the facts right.

Where to get Botox Treatments

The cosmetic procedures can be performed by many types of health professionals. As a matter of fact, an Oculopastic surgeon (trained in plastic surgery around the eye ) should be preferred.